Supersonically induced gas objects (SIGOs) primarily form in the early universe, outside of dark matter halos due to the presence of a relative stream velocity between baryons and dark matter. These structures may be the progenitors of globular clusters. Since SIGOs are made out of pristine gas, we investigate the effect of atomic cooling on their properties. We run a suite of simulations by using the moving-mesh code AREPO, with and without baryon dark matter relative velocity and with and without the effects of atomic cooling. We show that SIGO's density, temperature, and prolateness are determined by gravitational interactions rather than cooling. The cold gas fraction in SIGOs is much higher than that of dark matter halos. Specifically, we show that SIGO's characteristically low temperature and extremely high gas density forges a nurturing ground for the earliest star formation sites.
The Astrophysical Journal
- Pub Date:
- January 2021
- Computational methods;
- Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
- 12 pages, 9 figures, accepted by ApJ, expanded motivation and updated figures