Narrow belt of debris around the Sco-Cen star HD 141011
Context. We initiated a deep-imaging survey of Scorpius-Centaurus A-F stars in 2015. These stars are predicted to host warm inner and cold outer belts of debris reminiscent of the architecture of emblematic systems such as HR 8799.
Aims: We present resolved images of a ring of debris around the F5-type star HD 141011 that was observed as part of our survey. We aim to set constraints on the properties of the disk, compare them to those of other resolved debris disks in Sco-Cen, and detect companions.
Methods: We obtained high-contrast coronagraphic observations of HD 141011 in 2015, 2016, and 2019 with VLT/SPHERE. We removed the stellar halo using angular differential imaging. We searched for scattered light emission from a disk in the residuals and applied a forward-modeling approach to retrieve its morphological and photometric properties. We combined our radial velocity and imaging data to derive detection probabilities for companions co-planar with the disk orientation.
Results: We resolve a narrow ring of debris that extends up to ~1.1″ (~141 au) from the star in the IRDIS and IFS data obtained in 2016 and 2019. The disk is not detected in the 2015 data which are of poorer quality. The disks is best reproduced by models of a noneccentric ring centered on the star with an inclination of 69.1 ± 0.9°, a position angle of −24.6 ± 1.7°, and a semimajor axis of 127.5 ± 3.8 au. The combination of radial velocity and imaging data excludes brown-dwarf (M > 13.6MJup) companions coplanar with the disk from 0.1 to 0.9 au and from 20 au up to 500 au (90% probability).
Conclusions: HD 141011 adds to the growing list of debris disks that are resolved in Sco-Cen. It is one of the faintest disks that are resolved from the ground and has a radial extent and fractional width (~12.5%) reminiscent of Fomalhaut. Its moderate inclination and large semimajor axis make it a good target for the James Webb Space Telescope and should allow a deeper search for putative companions shaping the dust distribution.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- November 2021
- techniques: high angular resolution;
- planetary systems;
- stars: individual: HD 141011 (HIP 77432);
- stars: imaging;
- Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics;
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- 13 pages, 10 figures. Paper II of our Sco-Cen imaging survey. Accepted in A&