AMICO galaxy clusters in KiDSDR3. Cosmological constraints from largescale stacked weak lensing profiles
Abstract
Context. The largescale mass distribution around dark matter haloes hosting galaxy clusters provides sensitive cosmological information.
Aims: In this work we make use of a large photometric galaxy cluster sample, constructed from the public Third Data Release of the KiloDegree Survey, and the corresponding shear signal, to assess cluster masses and test the concordance Λcold dark matter (ΛCDM) model. In particular, we study the weak gravitational lensing effects on scales beyond the cluster virial radius, where the signal is dominated by correlated and uncorrelated matter density distributions along the line of sight. The analysed catalogue consists of 6962 galaxy clusters, in the redshift range 0.1 ≤ z ≤ 0.6 and with signaltonoise ratios higher than 3.5.
Methods: We perform a full Bayesian analysis to model the stacked shear profiles of these clusters. The adopted likelihood function considers both the smallscale onehalo term, used primarily to constrain the cluster structural properties, and the twohalo term, that can be used to constrain cosmological parameters.
Results: We find that the adopted modelling is successful in assessing both the cluster masses and the total matter density parameter, Ω_{M}, when fitting shear profiles up to the largest available scales of 35 Mpc h^{−1}. Moreover, our results provide a strong observational evidence of the twohalo signal in the stacked gravitational lensing of galaxy clusters, further demonstrating the reliability of this probe for cosmological studies. The main result of this work is a robust constraint on Ω_{M}, assuming a flat ΛCDM cosmology. We get Ω_{M} = 0.29 ± 0.02, estimated from the full posterior probability distribution, consistent with the estimates from cosmic microwave background experiments.
 Publication:

Astronomy and Astrophysics
 Pub Date:
 September 2021
 DOI:
 10.1051/00046361/202140795
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2103.05653
 Bibcode:
 2021A&A...653A..19G
 Keywords:

 cosmological parameters;
 largescale structure of Universe;
 gravitational lensing: weak;
 surveys;
 dark matter;
 galaxies: clusters: general;
 Astrophysics  Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 Accepted for publication on A&