The Tianlai project is a 21 cm intensity mapping experiment aimed at detecting dark energy by measuring the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) features in the large scale structure power spectrum. This experiment provides an opportunity to test the data processing methods for cosmological 21 cm signal extraction, which is still a great challenge in current radio astronomy research. The 21 cm signal is much weaker than the foregrounds and easily affected by the imperfections in the instrumental responses. Furthermore, processing the large volumes of interferometer data poses a practical challenge. We have developed a data processing pipeline software called tlpipe to process the drift scan survey data from the Tianlai experiment. It performs offline data processing tasks such as radio frequency interference (RFI) flagging, array calibration, binning, and map-making, etc. It also includes utility functions needed for the data analysis, such as data selection, transformation, visualization and others. A number of new algorithms are implemented, for example the eigenvector decomposition method for array calibration and the Tikhonov regularization for m-mode analysis. In this paper we describe the design and implementation of the tlpipe and illustrate its functions with some analysis of real data. Finally, we outline directions for future development of this publicly code.
Astronomy and Computing
- Pub Date:
- January 2021
- Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics;
- Physics - Computational Physics
- 13 pages, 5 figures, accepted for publication on Astronomy and Computing