Context. Intermediate- to high-mass stars are the least numerous types of stars, and they are less well understood than their more numerous low-mass counterparts in terms of their internal physical processes. Modelling the photometric variability of a large sample of main-sequence intermediate- to high-mass stars in eclipsing binary systems will help to improve the models for such stars.
Aims: Our goal is to compose a homogeneously compiled sample of main-sequence intermediate- to high-mass OBA-type dwarfs in eclipsing binary systems from TESS photometry. We search for binaries with and without pulsations and determine their approximate ephemerides.
Methods: Our selection starts from a catalogue of dwarfs with colours corresponding to those of OBA-type dwarfs in the TESS Input Catalog. We develop a new automated method aimed at detecting eclipsing binaries in the presence of a strong pulsational and/or rotational signal relative to the eclipse depths and apply it to publicly available 30-min cadence TESS light curves.
Results: Using targets with TESS magnitudes below 15 and cuts in the 2MASS magnitude bands of J − H < 0.045 and J − K < 0.06 as the most stringent criteria, we arrive at a total of 189 981 intermediate- to high-mass candidates, 91 193 of which have light curves from at least one of two data reduction pipelines. The eclipsing binary detection and subsequent manual check for false positives resulted in 3155 unique OBA-type eclipsing binary candidates.
Conclusions: Our sample of eclipsing binary stars in the intermediate- to high-mass regime allows for future binary (and asteroseismic) modelling with the aim to better understand the internal physical processes in this hot part of the main sequence.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- August 2021
- binaries: eclipsing;
- stars: early-type;
- methods: data analysis;
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics;
- Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics
- 12 pages, 9 figures, 2 tables, 3 appendices (8 additional figures, 1 additional table). Accepted for publication in A&