High resolution electron backscatter diffraction study on the heterogeneities of tetragonal distortion in Fe-C martensite at the microstructural scale
The spatial variation in martensite tetragonality (c/a ratio) in Fe-0.77C (wt.%) alloy was investigated by means of pattern matching of electron backscatter diffraction patterns combined with high angular resolution electron backscatter diffraction analysis. It was found that the c/a ratio varies within a martensite block and between blocks. The c/a variation within a block is particularly evident in the vicinity of grain boundaries and shear strains are also present in addition to tetragonal distortion. The c/a variation between blocks is more apparent than that within a block. The lattice parameter frequency profile predicted by our approach well matches with the X-ray diffraction profile from the same material by assuming reasonable residual strain acting on a- and b-axes. The heterogeneities of the crystal distortion are brought by a decrease and scatter in solid solution carbon and in carbon ordering as a result of the martensite transformation sequence as well as heterogeneous residual strain.