Graph-Based Modeling and Decomposition of Energy Infrastructures
Nonlinear optimization problems are found at the heart of real-time operations of critical infrastructures. These problems are computationally challenging because they embed complex physical models that exhibit space-time dynamics. We propose modeling these problems as graph-structured optimization problems, and illustrate how their structure can be exploited at the modeling level (for parallelizing function/derivative computations) and at the solver level (for parallelizing linear algebra operations). Specifically, we present a restricted additive Schwarz scheme that enables flexible decomposition of complex graph structures within an interior-point algorithm. The proposed approach is implemented as a general-purpose nonlinear programming solver that we call MadNLP.jl; this Julia-based solver is interfaced to the graph-based modeling package Plasmo.jl. The efficiency of this framework is demonstrated via problems arising in transient gas network optimization and multi-period AC optimal power flow. We show that our framework accelerates the solution (compared to off-the-shelf tools) by over 300%; specifically, solution times are reduced from 72.36 sec to 23.84 sec for the gas problem and from 515.81 sec to 149.45 sec for the power flow problem.
- Pub Date:
- October 2020
- Mathematics - Optimization and Control