Absence of true localization in manybody localized phases
Abstract
We have recently shown that the logarithmic growth of the entanglement entropy following a quantum quench in a manybody localized (MBL) phase is accompanied by a slow growth of the number entropy, $S_N\sim\ln\ln t$. Here we provide an indepth numerical study of $S_N(t)$ for the disordered Heisenberg chain and show that this behavior is not transient and persists even for very strong disorder. Calculating the truncated Rényi number entropy $S_N^{(\alpha)}(t)=(1\alpha)^{1}\ln\sum_n p^\alpha(n)$ for $\alpha\ll 1$ and $p(n)>p_c$  which is sensitive to large number fluctuations occurring with low probability  we demonstrate that the particle number distribution $p(n)$ in one half of the system has a continuously growing tail. This indicates a slow but steady increase of the number of particles crossing between the partitions in the interacting case, and is in sharp contrast to Anderson localization, for which we show that $S_N^{(\alpha\to 0)}(t)$ saturates for any cutoff $p_c>0$. We show, furthermore, that the growth of $S_N$ is $\mathit not$ the consequence of rare states or rare regions but rather represents typical behavior. These findings provide strong evidence that the interacting system is never fully localized even for very strong but finite disorder.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 October 2020
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2010.00565
 Bibcode:
 2020arXiv201000565K
 Keywords:

 Condensed Matter  Disordered Systems and Neural Networks;
 Condensed Matter  Quantum Gases;
 Condensed Matter  Strongly Correlated Electrons
 EPrint:
 Phys. Rev. B 103, 024203 (2021)