Metal artifacts present a frequent challenge to cone-beam CT (CBCT) in image-guided surgery, obscuring visualization of metal instruments and adjacent anatomy. Recent advances in mobile C-arm systems have enabled 3D imaging capacity with non-circular orbits. We extend a previously proposed metal artifacts avoidance (MAA) method to reduce the influence of metal artifacts by prospectively defining a non-circular orbit that avoids metal-induced biases in projection domain. Accurate geometric calibration is an important challenge to accurate 3D image reconstruction for such orbits. We investigate the performance of interpolation-based calibration from a library of circular orbits for any non-circular orbit. We apply the method to non-circular scans acquired for MAA, which involves: (i) coarse 3D localization of metal objects via only two scout views using an end-to-end trained neural network; (ii) calculation of the metal-induced x-ray spectral shift for all possible views; and (iii) identification of the non-circular orbit that minimizes the variations in spectral shift. Non-circular orbits with interpolation-based geometric calibration yielded reasonably accurate 3D image reconstruction. The end-to-end neural network accurately localized metal implants with just two scout views even in complex anatomical scenes, improving Dice coefficient by ~42% compared to a more conventional cascade of separately trained U-nets. In a spine phantom with pedicle screw instrumentation, non-circular orbits identified by the MAA method reduced the magnitude of metal "blomming" artifacts (apparent width of the screw shaft) in CBCT reconstructions by ~70%. The proposed imaging and calibration methods present a practical means to improve image quality in mobile C-arm CBCT by identifying non-circular scan protocols that improve sampling and reduce metal-induced biases in the projection data.
- Pub Date:
- September 2020
- Physics - Medical Physics;
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Image and Video Processing
- This work was presented at the 6th International Conference on Image Formation in X-Ray Computed Tomography, August, 2020, Regensburg, Germany