Fate of Lattice Gauge Theories Under Decoherence
Abstract
A major test of the capabilities of modern quantum simulators and NISQ devices is the reliable realization of gauge theories, which constitute a gold standard of implementational efficacy. In addition to unavoidable unitary errors, realistic experiments suffer from decoherence, which compromises gauge invariance and, therefore, the gauge theory itself. Here, we study the effect of decoherence on the quench dynamics of a lattice gauge theory. Rigorously identifying the gauge violation as a divergence measure in the gauge sectors, we find at short times that it first grows diffusively $\sim\gamma t$ due to decoherence at environmentcoupling strength $\gamma$, before unitary errors at strength $\lambda$ dominate and the violation grows ballistically $\sim\lambda^2t^2$. We further introduce multiple quantum coherences in the context of gauge theories to quantify decoherence effects. Both experimentally accessible measures will be of independent interest beyond the immediate context of this work.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 September 2020
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2009.07848
 Bibcode:
 2020arXiv200907848H
 Keywords:

 Condensed Matter  Quantum Gases;
 Condensed Matter  Strongly Correlated Electrons;
 High Energy Physics  Lattice;
 Quantum Physics
 EPrint:
 6 pages and 2 figures, journal paper