Ensuring fairness in computational problems has emerged as a $key$ topic during recent years, buoyed by considerations for equitable resource distributions and social justice. It $is$ possible to incorporate fairness in computational problems from several perspectives, such as using optimization, game-theoretic or machine learning frameworks. In this paper we address the problem of incorporation of fairness from a $combinatorial$ $optimization$ perspective. We formulate a combinatorial optimization framework, suitable for analysis by researchers in approximation algorithms and related areas, that incorporates fairness in maximum coverage problems as an interplay between $two$ conflicting objectives. Fairness is imposed in coverage by using coloring constraints that $minimizes$ the discrepancies between number of elements of different colors covered by selected sets; this is in contrast to the usual discrepancy minimization problems studied extensively in the literature where (usually two) colors are $not$ given $a$ $priori$ but need to be selected to minimize the maximum color discrepancy of $each$ individual set. Our main results are a set of randomized and deterministic approximation algorithms that attempts to $simultaneously$ approximate both fairness and coverage in this framework.
- Pub Date:
- July 2020
- Computer Science - Computational Complexity;
- Computer Science - Computational Geometry;
- Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms;
- 68W25(Primary) 68W20;
- 68W40 (Secondary);