Spectral methods for small sample time series: A complete periodogram approach
Abstract
The periodogram is a widely used tool to analyze second order stationary time series. An attractive feature of the periodogram is that the expectation of the periodogram is approximately equal to the underlying spectral density of the time series. However, this is only an approximation, and it is well known that the periodogram has a finite sample bias, which can be severe in small samples. In this paper, we show that the bias arises because of the finite boundary of observation in one of the discrete Fourier transforms which is used in the construction of the periodogram. Moreover, we show that by using the best linear predictors of the time series over the boundary of observation we can obtain a "complete periodogram" that is an unbiased estimator of the spectral density. In practice, the "complete periodogram" cannot be evaluated as the best linear predictors are unknown. We propose a method for estimating the best linear predictors and prove that the resulting "estimated complete periodogram" has a smaller bias than the regular periodogram. The estimated complete periodogram and a tapered version of it are used to estimate parameters, which can be represented in terms of the integrated spectral density. We prove that the resulting estimators have a smaller bias than their regular periodogram counterparts. The proposed method is illustrated with simulations and real data.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 July 2020
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2007.00363
 Bibcode:
 2020arXiv200700363D
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Statistics Theory