The cerebral cortex is composed of multiple cortical areas that exert a wide variety of brain functions. Although human brain neurons are genetically and areally mosaic, the three-dimensional structural differences between neurons in different brain areas or between the neurons of different individuals have not been delineated. Here, we report a nanometer-scale geometric analysis of brain tissues of the superior temporal gyrus of 4 schizophrenia and 4 control cases by using synchrotron radiation nanotomography. The results of the analysis and a comparison with results for the anterior cingulate cortex indicated that 1) neuron structures are dissimilar between brain areas and that 2) the dissimilarity varies from case to case. The structural diverseness was mainly observed in terms of the neurite curvature that inversely correlates with the diameters of the neurites and spines. The analysis also revealed the geometric differences between the neurons of the schizophrenia and control cases, suggesting that neuron structure is associated with brain function. The area dependency of the neuron structure and its diverseness between individuals should represent the individuality of brain functions.