OSSOS: The Bimodal Eccentricity and Inclination Distributions of the Stable Neptunian Trojans
Abstract
The minor planets on orbits that are dynamically stable in Neptune's 1:1 resonance on Gyr timescales were likely emplaced by Neptune's outward migration. We explore the intrinsic libration amplitude, eccentricity, and inclination distribution of Neptune's stable Trojans, using the detections and survey efficiency of the Outer Solar System Origins Survey (OSSOS) and PanSTARRS1. We find that the libration amplitude of the stable Neptunian Trojan population can be well modeled as a Rayleigh distribution with a libration amplitude width $\sigma_{A_phi}$ of 15$^\circ$. When taken as a whole, the Neptune Trojan population can be acceptably modeled with a Rayleigh eccentricity distribution of width $\sigma_e$ of 0.045 and a typical sin(i) x gaussian inclination distribution with a width $\sigma_i$ of 14 +/ 2 degrees. However, these distributions are only marginally acceptable. This is likely because, even after accounting for survey detection biases, the known large Hr < 8 and small Hr >= 8 Neptune Trojans appear to have markedly different eccentricities and inclinations. We propose that like the classical Kuiper belt, the stable intrinsic Neptunian Trojan population have dynamically `hot' and dynamically `cold' components to its eccentricity/inclination distribution, with $\sigma_{ecold}$ ~ 0.02 / $\sigma_{icold}$ ~ 6$^\circ$ and $\sigma_{ehot}$~ 0.05 / $\sigma_{ihot}$ ~ 18$^\circ$. In this scenario, the `cold' L4 Neptunian Trojan population lacks the Hr >= 8 member and has 13 +11/6 `cold' Trojans with Hr < 8. On the other hand, the `hot' L4 Neptunian Trojan population has 136 +57/48 Trojans with Hr < 10  a population 2.4 times greater than that of the L4 Jovian Trojans in the same luminosity range.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 June 2020
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2006.10674
 Bibcode:
 2020arXiv200610674L
 Keywords:

 Astrophysics  Earth and Planetary Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 13 pages, 6 figures