5G and beyond networks will use, for the first time ever, the millimeter wave (mmWave) spectrum for mobile communications. Accurate performance evaluation is fundamental to the design of reliable mmWave networks, with accuracy rooted in the fidelity of the channel models. At mmWaves, the model must account for the spatial characteristics of propagation since networks will employ highly directional antennas to counter the much greater pathloss. In this regard, Quasi-Deterministic (QD) models are highly accurate channel models, which characterize the propagation in terms of clusters of multipath components, given by a reflected ray and multiple diffuse components of any given Computer Aided Design (CAD) scenario. This paper introduces a detailed mathematical formulation for QD models at mmWaves, that can be used as a reference for their implementation and development. Moreover, it compares channel instances obtained with an open source NIST QD model implementation against real measurements at 60 GHz, substantiating the accuracy of the model. Results show that, when comparing the proposed model and deterministic rays alone with a measurement campaign, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) test of the QD model improves by up to 0.537.
- Pub Date:
- June 2020
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Signal Processing;
- Computer Science - Information Theory;
- Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture
- 6 pages, 5 figures, 1 table, presented at IEEE GLOBECOM 2020. Please cite it as: M. Lecci, M. Polese, C. Lai, J. Wang, C. Gentile, N. Golmie, M. Zorzi, "Quasi-Deterministic Channel Model for mmWaves: Mathematical Formalization and Validation," IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM), Dec. 2020, Taipei, Taiwan