Evolutionary entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Abstract
The dynamics of molecular collisions in a macroscopic body are encoded by the parameter Thermodynamic entropy  a statistical measure of the number of molecular configurations that correspond to a given macrostate. Directionality in the flow of energy in macroscopic bodies is described by the Second Law of Thermodynamics: In isolated systems, that is systems closed to the input of energy and matter, thermodynamic entropy increases. The dynamics of the lower level interactions in populations of replicating organisms is encoded by the parameter Evolutionary entropy, a statistical measure which describes the number and diversity of metabolic cycles in a population of replicating organisms. Directionality in the transformation of energy in populations of organisms is described by the Fundamental Theorem of Evolution: In systems open to the input of energy and matter, Evolutionary entropy increases, when the energy source is scarce and diverse, and decreases when the energy source is abundant and singular. This article shows that when rho to 0, and N to infinity, where rho is the production rate of the external energy source, and N denote the number of replicating units, evolutionary entropy, an organized state of energy; and thermodynamic entropy, a randomized state of energy, coincide. Accordingly, the Fundamental Theorem of Evolution, is a generalization of the Second Law of Thermodynamics.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 May 2020
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2005.10332
 Bibcode:
 2020arXiv200510332D
 Keywords:

 Quantitative Biology  Populations and Evolution;
 Mathematics  Dynamical Systems;
 Physics  Biological Physics;
 37D35