We investigate the increasingly important and common game-solving setting where we do not have an explicit description of the game but only oracle access to it through gameplay, such as in financial or military simulations and computer games. During a limited-duration learning phase, the algorithm can control the actions of both players in order to try to learn the game and how to play it well. After that, the algorithm has to produce a strategy that has low exploitability. Our motivation is to quickly learn strategies that have low exploitability in situations where evaluating the payoffs of a queried strategy profile is costly. For the stochastic game setting, we propose using the distribution of state-action value functions induced by a belief distribution over possible environments. We compare the performance of various exploration strategies for this task, including generalizations of Thompson sampling and Bayes-UCB to this new setting. These two consistently outperform other strategies.
- Pub Date:
- February 2020
- Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence;
- Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory;
- Computer Science - Machine Learning;
- Computer Science - Multiagent Systems;
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Systems and Control