The dynamic trees problem is to maintain a forest subject to edge insertions and deletions while facilitating queries such as connectivity, path weights, and subtree weights. Dynamic trees are a fundamental building block of a large number of graph algorithms. Although traditionally studied in the single-update setting, dynamic algorithms capable of supporting batches of updates are increasingly relevant today due to the emergence of rapidly evolving dynamic datasets. Since processing updates on a single processor is often unrealistic for large batches of updates, designing parallel batch-dynamic algorithms that achieve provably low span is important for many applications. In this work, we design the first work-efficient parallel batch-dynamic algorithm for dynamic trees that is capable of supporting both path queries and subtree queries, as well as a variety of non-local queries. To achieve this, we propose a framework for algorithmically dynamizing static round-synchronous algorithms that allows us to obtain parallel batch-dynamic algorithms with good bounds on their work and span. In our framework, the algorithm designer can apply the technique to any suitably defined static algorithm. We then obtain theoretical guarantees for algorithms in our framework by defining the notion of a computation distance between two executions of the underlying algorithm. Our dynamic trees algorithm is obtained by applying our dynamization framework to the parallel tree contraction algorithm of Miller and Reif, and then performing a novel analysis of the computation distance of this algorithm under batch updates. We show that $k$ updates can be performed in $O(k \log(1+n/k))$ work in expectation, which matches an existing algorithm of Tseng et al. while providing support for a substantially larger number of queries and applications.
- Pub Date:
- February 2020
- Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms;
- Computer Science - Distributed;
- and Cluster Computing
- Proceedings of The 28th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA '20) (2020) 2:1-2:23