Combinatorics of 3D directed animals on a simple cubic lattice
Abstract
We provide combinatorial arguments based on a twodimensional extension of a locallyfree semigroup allowing us to compute the growth rate, $\Lambda$, of the partition function $Z_N=N^{\theta}\Lambda^N$ of the $N$particle directed animals ($N\gg 1$) on a simple cubic lattice in a threedimensional space. Establishing the bijection between the particular configuration of the lattice animal and a class of equivalences of words in the 2D projective locallyfree semigroup, we find we find $\ln \Lambda = \lim_{N\to\infty} \ln Z_N / N$ with $\Lambda= 2(\sqrt{2}+1) \approx 4.8284$.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 February 2020
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2002.00618
 Bibcode:
 2020arXiv200200618N
 Keywords:

 Condensed Matter  Statistical Mechanics;
 High Energy Physics  Theory;
 Mathematics  Combinatorics
 EPrint:
 We have realized that "Mikado ordering" valid in 2D fails in 3D. We found source of error and have proposed a new approach for enumeration of 3D heaps of pieces based on a nontrivial relation to the 2D hardcore lattice gas. We would like to withdraw the paper because the replacement could be confusing: we do not make modifications of a former approach, but replace it with a principally new one