It has been recently suggested that optical interferometers may not require a phase-stable optical link between the stations if instead sources of quantum-mechanically entangled pairs could be provided to them, enabling extra- long baselines and benefiting numerous topics in astrophysics and cosmology. We developed a new variation of this idea, proposing that two photons from different sources could be interfered at two decoupled stations, requiring only a slow classical information link between them. We show that this approach could allow high- precision measurements of the relative astrometry of the two sources, with a basic calculation giving angular precision of 10 µas in a few hours' observation of two bright stars. We also give requirements on the instrument for these observations, in particular on its temporal and spectral resolution. Finally, we discuss possible technologies for the instrument implementation and first proof-of-principle experiments.
Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Conference Series
- Pub Date:
- December 2020
- Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics;
- Quantum Physics
- intended for SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation 2020 conference