Network equilibrium models represent a versatile tool for the analysis of interconnected objects and their relationships. They have been widely employed in both science and engineering to study the behaviour of complex systems under various conditions, including external perturbations and damage. In this paper, network equilibrium models are revisited through graph-theory laws and attributes with special focus on systems that can sustain equilibrium in the absence of external perturbations (self-equilibrium). A new approach for the analysis of self-equilibrated networks is proposed; they are modelled as a collection of cells, predefined elementary network units that have been mathematically shown to compose any self-equilibrated network. Consequently, the equilibrium state of complex self-equilibrated systems can be obtained through the study of individual cell equilibria and their interactions. A series of examples that highlight the flexibility of network equilibrium models are included in the paper. The examples attest how the proposed approach, which combines topological as well as geometrical considerations, can be used to decipher the state of complex systems.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series A
- Pub Date:
- September 2020
- Nonlinear Sciences - Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems;
- Computer Science - Computational Geometry;
- Mathematics - Combinatorics
- 38 pages, 23 figures