Multilayer networks have been found to be prone to abrupt cascading failures under random and targeted attacks, but most of the targeting algorithms proposed so far have been mainly tested on uncorrelated systems. Here we show that the size of the critical percolation set of a multilayer network is substantially affected by the presence of interlayer degree correlations and edge overlap. We provide extensive numerical evidence which confirms that the state-of-the-art optimal percolation strategies consistently fail to identify minimal percolation sets in synthetic and real-world correlated multilayer networks, thus overestimating their robustness. We propose two targeting algorithms, based on the local estimation of path disruptions away from a given node, and a family of Pareto-efficient strategies that take into account both intralayer and interlayer heuristics and can be easily extended to multiplex networks with an arbitrary number of layers. We show that these strategies consistently outperform existing attacking algorithms, on both synthetic and real-world multiplex networks, and provide some interesting insights into the interplay of correlations and overlap in determining the hyperfragility of real-world multilayer networks. Overall, the results presented in the paper suggest that we are still far from having fully identified the salient ingredients determining the robustness of multiplex networks to targeted attacks.
Physical Review Research
- Pub Date:
- July 2020
- Physics - Physics and Society;
- Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics;
- Computer Science - Social and Information Networks
- 14 pages, 9 figures, 1 table