Using molecular dynamics we study the dependency of the contact mechanics on the sliding speed when an elastic block (cylinder) with a cos(q0x ) surface height profile is sliding in adhesive contact on a rigid flat substrate. The atoms on the block interact with the substrate atoms by Lennard-Jones potentials, and we consider both commensurate and (nearly) incommensurate contacts. For the incommensurate system the friction force fluctuates between positive and negative values, with an amplitude proportional to the sliding speed, but with the average close to zero. For the commensurate system the (time-averaged) friction force is much larger and nearly velocity independent. For both types of systems the width of the contact region is velocity independent even when, for the commensurate case, the frictional shear stress increases from zero (before sliding) to ≈0.1 MPa during sliding. This frictional shear stress, and the elastic modulus used, are typical for polydimethylsiloxane rubber sliding on a glass surface, and we conclude that the reduction in the contact area observed in some experiments when increasing the tangential force must be due to effects not included in our model study, such as viscoelasticity or elastic nonlinearity.
Physical Review E
- Pub Date:
- October 2020
- Condensed Matter - Soft Condensed Matter;
- Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics;
- Condensed Matter - Materials Science
- 6 pages , 7 figures