We have grown germanium selenide (GeSe) triangular nanoplate arrays (TNAs) with a high density (3.82 × 106 mm-2) on the Si (111) substrate using a simple thermal evaporation method. The thickness and trilateral lengths of a single triangular nanoplate were statistically estimated by atomic force microscopy as 44 nm, 365 nm, 458 nm and 605 nm, respectively. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images and x-ray diffraction patterns show that the TNAs were composed of single crystalline GeSe phase. The Se-related defects in the lattice were also revealed by TEM images and Raman vibration modes. Unlike previously reported GeSe compounds, the GeSe TNAs exhibited temperature-dependent photoluminescence (PL). The PL peak (1.25 eV) of the TNAs at 5 K was in the gaps between those of GeSe monolayers and a few hundred thick films, revealing a close relationship between the PL peak and the thickness of GeSe. The high-density structure and temperature-dependent PL of the TNAs on the Si substrate may be useful for temperature controllable semiconductor nanodevices.