Regional tradition in the architectural culture of Nizhneye Povolzhye (by the example of the Volgograd region)
The article considers issues connected with the co-existence and intensive cultural interaction of indigenous population and migrants, nomadic and settled population, as well as spreading of the world’s religions in the Volgograd region. The territory of the examined region enjoys a great cultural heritage connected with a unique history and traditions and many creeds The most significant objects of historical and cultural heritage of the Volgograd region are highlighted in the article, with their characteristic features given. The problem of the architectural heritage preservation has been touched upon, too. It is regarded not only as an aggregate of objects which need to be preserved physically, but also as an essential factor of mutual understanding of peoples in the contemporary restless world. In many respects the deciding point for preserving architectural heritage is the level of knowledge about the culture of a certain region, which directly promotes solving a problem of inter-confidence between peoples. Today it is possible to solve the problem of strengthening interethnic peace and interfaith harmony through acquaintance with the culture and traditions of the non-settlement of the region. That is why the issues under consideration in the article seem vital under present conditions.