Hydrodynamical turbulence in eccentric circumbinary discs and its impact on the in situ formation of circumbinary planets
Abstract
Eccentric gaseous discs are unstable to a parametric instability involving the resonant interaction between inertialgravity waves and the eccentric mode in the disc. We present threedimensional global hydrodynamical simulations of inviscid circumbinary discs that form an inner cavity and become eccentric through interaction with the central binary. The parametric instability grows and generates turbulence that transports angular momentum with stress parameter α ∼ 5 × 10^{3} at distances ≲ 7 a_{bin}, where a_{bin} is the binary semimajor axis. Vertical turbulent diffusion occurs at a rate corresponding to α_{diff} ∼ 12 × 10^{3}. We examine the impact of turbulent diffusion on the vertical settling of pebbles, and on the rate of pebble accretion by embedded planets. In steady state, dust particles with Stokes numbers St ≲ 0.1 form a layer of finite thickness H_{d} ≳ 0.1H, where H is the gas scale height. Pebble accretion efficiency is then reduced by a factor r_{acc}/H_{d}, where r_{acc} is the accretion radius, compared to the rate in a laminar disc. For accreting core masses with m_{p} ≲ 0.1 M_{⊕}, pebble accretion for particles with St ≳ 0.5 is also reduced because of velocity kicks induced by the turbulence. These effects combine to make the time needed by a Ceres mass object to grow to the pebble isolation mass, when significant gas accretion can occur, longer than typical disc lifetimes. Hence, the origins of circumbinary planets orbiting close to their central binary systems, as discovered by the Kepler mission, are difficult to explain using an in situ model that invokes a combination of the streaming instability and pebble accretion.
 Publication:

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
 Pub Date:
 June 2020
 DOI:
 10.1093/mnras/staa1550
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2005.14693
 Bibcode:
 2020MNRAS.496.2849P
 Keywords:

 methods: numerical;
 planetdisc interactions;
 planets and satellites: formation;
 Accretion;
 Hydrodynamics;
 accretion discs;
 Astrophysics  Earth and Planetary Astrophysics;
 Astrophysics  Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 Accepted in MNRAS