Study of recent outburst in the Be/X-ray binary RX J0209.6-7427 with AstroSat: a new ultraluminous X-ray pulsar in the Magellanic Bridge?
We present the timing and spectral studies of RX J0209.6-7427 during its rare 2019 outburst using observations with the Soft X-ray Telescope (SXT) and Large Area X-ray Proportional Counter (LAXPC) instruments on the AstroSat satellite. Pulsations having a periodicity of 9.29 s were detected for the first time by the NICER mission in the 0.2-10 keV energy band and, as reported here, by AstroSat over a broad energy band covering 0.3-80 keV. The pulsar exhibits a rapid spin-up during the outburst. Energy resolved folded pulse profiles are generated in several energy bands in 3-80 keV. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report of the timing and spectral characteristics of this Be binary pulsar in hard X-rays. There is suggestion of evolution of the pulse profile with energy. The energy spectrum of the pulsar is determined and from the best-fitting spectral values, the X-ray luminosity of RX J0209.6-7427 is inferred to be 1.6 × 1039 erg s-1. Our timing and spectral studies suggest that this source has features of an ultraluminous X-ray pulsar in the Magellanic Bridge. Details of the results are presented and discussed in terms of the current ideas.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
- Pub Date:
- July 2020
- stars: emission-line;
- stars: neutron;
- pulsars: individual: RX J0209.6-7427;
- galaxies: individual: SMC;
- X-rays: binaries;
- X-rays: bursts;
- Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena
- 9 pages, 8 figures, accepted for publication in MNRAS Journal