TESS observations of pulsating subdwarf B stars: extraordinarily short-period gravity modes in CD-28° 1974
Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) observations show CD-28° 1974 to be a gravity(g)-mode-dominated hybrid pulsating subdwarf B (sdBV) star. It shows 13 secure periods that form an ℓ = 1 asymptotic sequence near the typical period spacing. Extraordinarily, these periods lie between 1500 and 3300 s, whereas typical $\ell = 1\, g$ modes in sdBV stars occur between 3300 and 10 000 s. This indicates a structure somewhat different from typical sdBV stars. CD-28° 1974 has a visually close F/G main-sequence companion 1.33 arcsec away, which may be a physical companion. Gaia proper motions indicate a comoving pair with the same distance. A reanalysis of Ultraviolet and Visual Echelle Spectrograph (UVES) spectra failed to detect any orbital motion and the light curve shows no reflection effect or ellipsoidal variability, making an unseen close companion unlikely. The implication is that CD-28° 1974 has become a hot subdwarf via single star or post-merger evolution.