Asymptotic velocity distribution of a driven one dimensional binary granular Maxwell gas
Abstract
We consider the steady states of a driven inelastic Maxwell gas consisting of two types of particles with scalar velocities. Motivated by experiments on bilayers where only one layer is driven, we focus on the case when only one of the two types of particles are driven externally, with the other species receiving energy only through interparticle collision. The velocity of a particle that is driven is modified to , where r _{ w } parameterises the dissipation upon the driving and the noise is taken from a fixed distribution. We characterize the statistics for small velocities by computing exactly the mean energies of the two species, based on the simplifying feature that the correlation functions are seen to form a closed set of equations. The asymptotic behaviour of the velocity distribution for large speeds is determined for both components through a combination of exact analysis for a range of parameters or obtained numerically to a high degree of accuracy from an analysis of the large moments of velocity. We show that the tails of the velocity distribution for both types of particles have similar behaviour, even though they are driven differently. For dissipative driving (r _{ w } < 1), the tails of the steady state velocity distribution show nonuniversal features and depend strongly on the noise distribution. On the other hand, the tails of the velocity distribution are exponential for diffusive driving (r _{ w } = 1) when the noise distribution decays faster than exponential.
 Publication:

Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment
 Pub Date:
 January 2020
 DOI:
 10.1088/17425468/ab6095
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1910.07745
 Bibcode:
 2020JSMTE..01.3202B
 Keywords:

 Condensed Matter  Statistical Mechanics
 EPrint:
 24 pages, 7 figures