We report novel cosmological constraints obtained from cosmic voids in the final BOSS DR12 dataset. They arise from the joint analysis of geometric and dynamic distortions of average void shapes (i.e., the stacked void-galaxy cross-correlation function) in redshift space. Our model uses tomographic deprojection to infer real-space void profiles and self-consistently accounts for the Alcock-Paczynski (AP) effect and redshift-space distortions (RSD) without any prior assumptions on cosmology or structure formation. It is derived from first physical principles and provides an extremely good description of the data at linear perturbation order. We validate this model with the help of mock catalogs and apply it to the final BOSS data to constrain the RSD and AP parameters f/b and DA H/c, where f is the linear growth rate, b the linear galaxy bias, DA the comoving angular diameter distance, H the Hubble rate, and c the speed of light. In addition, we include two nuisance parameters in our analysis to marginalize over potential systematics. We obtain f/b=0.540±0.091 and DA H/c=0.588±0.004 from the full void sample at a mean redshift of z=0.51. In a flat ΛCDM cosmology, this implies Ωm=0.312±0.020 for the present-day matter density parameter. When we use additional information from the survey mocks to calibrate our model, these constraints improve to f/b=0.347±0.023, DA H/c=0.588±0.003, and Ωm = 0.310 ± 0.017. However, we emphasize that the calibration depends on the specific model of cosmology and structure formation assumed in the mocks, so the calibrated results should be considered less robust. Nevertheless, our calibration-independent constraints are among the tightest of their kind to date, demonstrating the immense potential of using cosmic voids for cosmology in current and future data.
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
- Pub Date:
- December 2020
- Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics;
- General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology
- 46 pages, 18 figures, 1 table. JCAP accepted version after peer review, typos corrected