We explore the energy and entropy transport as well as the lepton number variation induced from the mixing between electron and sterile neutrinos with keV mass in the supernova core. We develop a radial- and time-dependent treatment of the νs-νe mixing, by including ordinary matter effects, reconversions between sterile and electron antineutrinos, as well as the collisional production of sterile particles for the first time. The dynamical feedback due to the production of sterile particles on the composition and thermodynamic properties of the core only leads to major implications for the supernova physics for large mixing angles (sin2 2θ gtrsim 10-10). Our findings suggest that a self-consistent appraisal of the electron-sterile conversion physics in the supernova core would relax the bounds on the sterile neutrino mixing parameters reported in the literature for sin2 2θ lesssim 10-6, leaving the (ms, sin2 2θ) parameter space relevant to dark matter searches unconstrained by supernovae.
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
- Pub Date:
- August 2020
- Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena;
- High Energy Physics - Phenomenology
- 30 pages, 15 figures. Minor changes, conclusions unchanged. Matches version accepted in JCAP