Data Analysis of Bright Main-Sequence A- and B-type Stars Observed Using the TESS and BRITE Spacecraft (Abstract)
(Abstract only) During the last two years we have received long time-series photometric observations of bright (V mag < 8) main-sequence A- and B-type stars observed by the NASA TESS spacecraft and the Austria-Poland-Canada BRITE satellites. Using TESS observations of metallic-line A (Am) stars having peculiar element abundances, our goal is to determine whether and why these stars pulsate in multiple radial and nonradial modes, as do the delta Scuti stars in the same region of the H-R diagram. The BRITE data were requested to investigate pulsations in bright (V around 6 mag) A- and B-type stars in the Cygnus-Lyra field of view that had been proposed for observations during the now-retired NASA Kepler mission. Of the 21 (out of 62 proposed) Am stars observed by TESS so far, we find one delta Sct star and two delta Sct / gamma Dor hybrid candidates. Of the remaining stars, we find three gamma Dor candidates, six stars showing photometric variations that may or may not be associated with pulsations, and eight stars without apparent significant photometric variability. For the A- and B-type stars observed by BRITE, one star (HR 7403) shows low amplitude low frequency modes that likely are associated with its B (emission) star properties; one star (HR 7179) shows SPB variability that is also found in prior Kepler data, and two stars (HR 7284 and HR 7591) show no variability in BRITE data, although very low amplitude variability was found in TESS or Kepler data. For the TESS and BRITE targets discussed here, follow-up ground- and space-based photometric and spectroscopic observations combined with stellar modeling will be needed to constrain stellar parameters and to understand the nature of the variability.
Journal of the American Association of Variable Star Observers (JAAVSO)
- Pub Date:
- December 2020