Stochastic gradient descent (SGD) is a key ingredient in the training of deep neural networks and yet its geometrical significance appears elusive. We study a deterministic model in which the trajectories of our dynamical systems are described via geodesics of a family of metrics arising from the diffusion matrix. These metrics encode information about the highly non-isotropic gradient noise in SGD. We establish a parallel with General Relativity models, where the role of the electromagnetic field is played by the gradient of the loss function. We compute an example of a two layer network.
- Pub Date:
- January 2020
- Computer Science - Machine Learning;
- General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology;
- Mathematics - Differential Geometry;
- Statistics - Machine Learning