Methane emission detection and flux quantification from exploratory hydraulic fracturing in the United Kingdom, using unmanned aerial vehicle sampling
Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) sampling was used to derive high-precision methane mole fraction measurements downwind of the United Kingdom's first onshore exploratory operation to horizontally hydraulically fracture shale rock. Sampling took place using two UAVs on five intermittent sampling days between October 2018 and February 2019. One UAV carried an on-board prototype sensor while the other was connected to a sensor on the ground, using a tethered air inlet. Both instruments used near infrared spectroscopy. Methane emissions were observed on one sampling day (14th January 2019) over a 1.4-hour sampling window, due to cold venting of methane following a nitrogen lift. The nitrogen lift procedure was used to induce gas flow during liquid unloading. The near-field Gaussian plume inversion flux quantification method was used to derive four instantaneous flux ranges (within uncertainty) from the four UAV flight surveys conducted during the emission window.
EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts
- Pub Date:
- May 2020