Reduction of Electron Leakage of AlGaN-Based Deep Ultraviolet Laser Diodes Using an Inverse-Trapezoidal Electron Blocking Layer
To improve the optical and electrical properties of AlGaN-based deep ultraviolet lasers, an inverse-trapezoidal electron blocking layer is designed. Lasers with three different structural electron blocking layers of rectangular, trapezoidal and inverse-trapezoidal structures are established. The energy band, electron concentration, electron current density, P-I and V-I characteristics, and the photoelectric conversion efficiency of different structural devices are investigated by simulation. The results show that the optical and electrical properties of the inverse-trapezoidal electron blocking layer laser are better than those of rectangular and trapezoidal structures, owing to the effectively suppressed electron leakage.