Unstaggered-staggered solitons on one- and two-dimensional two-component discrete nonlinear Schrödinger lattices
We study coupled unstaggered-staggered soliton pairs emergent from a system of two coupled discrete nonlinear Schrödinger (DNLS) equations with the self-attractive on-site self-phase-modulation nonlinearity, coupled by the repulsive cross-phase-modulation interaction, on 1D and 2D lattice domains. These mixed modes are of a "symbiotic" type, as each component in isolation may only carry ordinary unstaggered solitons. While most work on DNLS systems addressed symmetric on-site-centered fundamental solitons, these models give rise to a variety of other excited states, which may also be stable. The simplest among them are antisymmetric states in the form of discrete twisted solitons, which have no counterparts in the continuum limit. In the extension to 2D lattice domains, a natural counterpart of the twisted states are vortical solitons. We first introduce a variational approximation (VA) for the solitons, and then correct it numerically to construct exact stationary solutions, which are then used as initial conditions for simulations to check if the stationary states persist under time evolution. Two-component solutions obtained include (i) 1D fundamental-twisted and twisted-twisted soliton pairs, (ii) 2D fundamental-fundamental soliton pairs, and (iii) 2D vortical-vortical soliton pairs. We also highlight a variety of other transient dynamical regimes, such as breathers and amplitude death. The findings apply to modeling binary Bose-Einstein condensates, loaded in a deep lattice potential, with identical or different atomic masses of the two components, and arrays of bimodal optical waveguides.