Polluting the Pairinstability Mass Gap for Binary Black Holes through SuperEddington Accretion in Isolated Binaries
Abstract
The theory for single stellar evolution predicts a gap in the mass distribution of black holes (BHs) between approximately 45 and 130 $\,{M}_{\odot }$ , the socalled "pairinstability mass gap." We examine whether BHs can pollute the gap after accreting from a stellar companion. To this end, we simulate the evolution of isolated binaries using a population synthesis code, where we allow for superEddington accretion. Under our most extreme assumptions, we find that at most about 2% of all merging binary BH systems contains a BH with a mass in the pairinstability mass gap, and we find that less than 0.5% of the merging systems has a total mass larger than 90 $\,{M}_{\odot }$ . We find no merging binary BH systems with a total mass exceeding 100 $\,{M}_{\odot }$ . We compare our results to predictions from several dynamical pathways to pairinstability mass gap events and discuss the distinguishable features. We conclude that the classical isolated binary formation scenario will not significantly contribute to the pollution of the pairinstability mass gap. The robustness of the predicted mass gap for the isolated binary channel is promising for the prospective of placing constraints on (I) the relative contribution of different formation channels, (II) the physics of the progenitors including nuclear reaction rates, and, tentatively, (III) the Hubble parameter.
 Publication:

The Astrophysical Journal
 Pub Date:
 July 2020
 DOI:
 10.3847/15384357/ab9809
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2004.05187
 Bibcode:
 2020ApJ...897..100V
 Keywords:

 Compact binary stars;
 Black holes;
 Accretion;
 Gravitational wave sources;
 High energy astrophysics;
 Binary stars;
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 283;
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 Astrophysics  High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena
 EPrint:
 20 pages, 9 Figures, to be published in ApJ