Neutrino Production Associated with Late Bumps in Gamma-Ray Bursts and Potential Contribution to Diffuse Flux at IceCube
IceCube has detected many TeV─PeV neutrinos, but their astrophysical origins remain largely unknown. Motivated by the observed late-time X-ray/optical bumps in some gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), we examine the correlation between IceCube neutrinos and GRBs allowing delayed neutrinos ∼days after the prompt gamma-rays. Although we have not found any definitive correlation, up to ∼10% of the events observed so far at IceCube may have been neutrinos produced by the late-time GRB activities at ∼1 day. Assuming a connection between some IceCube events and the late GRB bumps, we show in a model-independent way that GRB sites capable of producing late ∼PeV neutrinos should be nonrelativistic or mildly relativistic. We estimate the diffuse neutrino flux from such sources and find that they can possibly account for a few IceCube events. Future observations of high-energy neutrinos and late-time GRB afterglows can further test the above proposed connection.