Context. Inner cavities, accretion arms, and density waves are characteristic structures in the density distribution of circumbinary disks. They are the result of the tidal interaction of the non-axisymmetric gravitational forces of the central binary with the surrounding disk and are most prominent in the inner region, where the asymmetry is most pronounced.
Aims: The goal of this study is to test the feasibility of reconstructing the gas density distribution and quantifying properties of structures in the inner regions of edge-on circumbinary disks using multiple molecular line observations.
Methods: The density distribution in circumbinary disks is calculated with 2D hydrodynamic simulations. Subsequently, molecular line emission maps are generated with 3D radiative transfer simulations. Based on these, we investigate the observability of characteristic circumbinary structures located in the innermost region for spatially resolved and unresolved disks.
Results: We find that it is possible to reconstruct the inner cavity, accretion arms, and density waves from spatially resolved multi-wavelength molecular line observations of circumbinary disks seen edge-on. For the spatially unresolved observations only, an estimate can be derived for the density gradient in the transition area between the cavity and the disk's inner rim.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- October 2020
- accretion disks;
- binaries: general;
- radiative transfer;
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics;
- Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies