Context. Vortex structures in the Sun's chromosphere are believed to channel energy between different layers of the solar atmosphere.
Aims: We investigate the nature and dynamics of two small-scale quiet-Sun rotating structures in the chromosphere.
Methods: We analysed two chromospheric structures that show clear rotational patterns in spectropolarimetric observations taken with the Interferometric Bidimensional Spectrometer at the Ca II 8542 Å line.
Results: We present the detection of spectropolarimetric signals that manifest the magnetic nature of rotating structures in the chromosphere. Our observations show two long-lived structures of plasma that each rotate clockwise inside a 10 arcsec2 quiet-Sun region. Their circular polarisation signals are five to ten times above the noise level. Line-of-sight Doppler velocity and horizontal velocity maps from the observations reveal clear plasma flows at and around the two structures. A magnetohydrodynamics simulation shows these two structures are plausibly magnetically connected. Wave analysis suggests that the observed rotational vortex pattern could be due to a combination of slow actual rotation and a faster azimuthal phase speed pattern of a magnetoacoustic mode.
Conclusions: Our results imply that the vortex structures observed in the Sun's chromosphere are magnetic in nature and that they can be connected locally through the chromosphere
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- July 2020
- Sun: chromosphere;
- Sun: magnetic fields;
- Sun: oscillations;
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- 6 pages, 9 figures, accepted for A&