Ultrafast entanglement dynamics and spreading of quantum correlations in two-dimensional antiferromagnets
We numerically study the real space-time dynamics of magnon pairs in the two-dimensional antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model after short perturbations of the exchange interaction. Analogous to the dynamics following quantum quenches in one dimension, we find ultrafast light-cone like spreading of quantum spin correlations. Interestingly, the spreading speed is larger than can be expected from the highest magnon or spinon group velocities. Opposed to results in one dimension, the evolution of entanglement is not directly linked to the spreading and dictated by the coherent dynamics of nearest neighbour correlations. We show that this enables coherent control of both phase and amplitude of entanglement oscillations. All results are obtained with the recently proposed neural quantum states.