Reduced order methods for parametrized non-linear and time dependent optimal flow control problems, towards applications in biomedical and environmental sciences
We introduce reduced order methods as an efficient strategy to solve parametrized non-linear and time dependent optimal flow control problems governed by partial differential equations. Indeed, the optimal control problems require a huge computational effort in order to be solved, most of all in physical and/or geometrical parametrized settings. Reduced order methods are a reliable and suitable approach, increasingly gaining popularity, to achieve rapid and accurate optimal solutions in several fields, such as in biomedical and environmental sciences. In this work, we employ a POD-Galerkin reduction approach over a parametrized optimality system, derived from the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions. The methodology presented is tested on two boundary control problems, governed respectively by (i) time dependent Stokes equations and (ii) steady non-linear Navier-Stokes equations.