Keyhole Imaging: Non-Line-of-Sight Imaging and Tracking of Moving Objects Along a Single Optical Path at Long Standoff Distances
Non-line-of-sight (NLOS) imaging and tracking is an emerging paradigm that allows the shape or position of objects around corners or behind diffusers to be recovered from transient measurements. However, existing NLOS approaches require the imaging system to scan a large area on a visible surface, where the indirect light paths of hidden objects are sampled. In many applications, such as robotic vision or autonomous driving, optical access to a large scanning area may not be available, which severely limits the practicality of existing NLOS techniques. Here, we propose a new approach, dubbed keyhole imaging, that captures a sequence of transient measurements along a single optical path at long standoff distances, for example through a keyhole. Assuming that the hidden object of interest moves during the acquisition time, we capture a series of time-resolved projections of the object's shape from unknown viewpoints. We derive inverse methods based on Expectation-Maximization to recover the object's shape and location using these measurements, and we demonstrate successful experimental results with a prototype keyhole imaging system.