On the uniform accuracy of implicitexplicit backward differentiation formulas (IMEXBDF) for stiff hyperbolic relaxation systems and kinetic equations
Abstract
Many hyperbolic and kinetic equations contain a nonstiff convection/transport part and a stiff relaxation/collision part (characterized by the relaxation or mean free time $\varepsilon$). To solve this type of problems, implicitexplicit (IMEX) RungeKutta or multistep methods have been widely used and their performance is understood well in the nonstiff regime ($\varepsilon=O(1)$) and limiting regime ($\varepsilon\rightarrow 0$). However, in the intermediate regime (say, $\varepsilon=O(\Delta t)$), some uniform accuracy or order reduction phenomena have been reported numerically without much theoretical justification. In this work, we prove the uniform accuracy (an optimal {\it a priori} error bound) of a class of IMEX multistep methods  IMEX backward differentiation formulas (IMEXBDF) for linear hyperbolic systems with stiff relaxation. The proof is based on the energy estimate with a new multiplier technique. For nonlinear hyperbolic and kinetic equations, we numerically verify the same property using a series of examples.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 December 2019
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1912.00559
 Bibcode:
 2019arXiv191200559H
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Numerical Analysis