Self-attention networks (SAN) have been introduced into automatic speech recognition (ASR) and achieved state-of-the-art performance owing to its superior ability in capturing long term dependency. One of the key ingredients is the self-attention mechanism which can be effectively performed on the whole utterance level. In this paper, we try to investigate whether even more information beyond the whole utterance level can be exploited and beneficial. We propose to apply self-attention layer with augmented memory to ASR. Specifically, we first propose a variant model architecture which combines deep feed-forward sequential memory network (DFSMN) with self-attention layers to form a better baseline model compared with a purely self-attention network. Then, we propose and compare two kinds of additional memory structures added into self-attention layers. Experiments on large-scale LVCSR tasks show that on four individual test sets, the DFSMN-SAN architecture outperforms vanilla SAN encoder by 5% relatively in character error rate (CER). More importantly, the additional memory structure provides further 5% to 11% relative improvement in CER.
- Pub Date:
- October 2019
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Audio and Speech Processing;
- Computer Science - Machine Learning;
- Computer Science - Sound
- 5 pages, 2 figures, subbmitted to ICASSP 2020