Direct detection and detailed characterization of exoplanets using extreme adaptive optics (ExAO) is a key science goal of future extremely large telescopes (ELTs). However, wavefront errors will limit the sensitivity of this endeavor. Limitations for ground-based telescopes arise from both quasi-static and residual AO-corrected atmospheric wavefront errors, the latter of which generates short-lived aberrations that will average into a halo over a long exposure. We have developed and tested the framework for a solution to both of these problems using the self-coherent camera (SCC), to be applied to ground-based telescopes, called the Fast Atmospheric SCC Technique (FAST). In this paper we present updates of new and ongoing work for FAST, both in numerical simulation and in the laboratory. We first present numerical simulations that illustrate the scientific potential of FAST, including, with current 10-m telescopes, the direct detection of exoplanets reflected light and exo-Jupiters in thermal emission and, with future ELTs, the detection of habitable exoplanets. In the laboratory, we present the first characterizations of our proposed, and now fabricated, coronagraphic masks.
- Pub Date:
- October 2019
- Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics;
- Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics
- submitted to Proceedings of Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes 6