The rate at which medical questions are asked online far exceeds the capacity of qualified people to answer them, and many of these questions are not unique. Identifying same-question pairs could enable questions to be answered more effectively. While many research efforts have focused on the problem of general question similarity for non-medical applications, these approaches do not generalize well to the medical domain, where medical expertise is often required to determine semantic similarity. In this paper, we show how a semi-supervised approach of pre-training a neural network on medical question-answer pairs is a particularly useful intermediate task for the ultimate goal of determining medical question similarity. While other pre-training tasks yield an accuracy below 78.7% on this task, our model achieves an accuracy of 82.6% with the same number of training examples, and an accuracy of 80.0% with a much smaller training set.
- Pub Date:
- October 2019
- Computer Science - Machine Learning;
- Computer Science - Computation and Language;
- Statistics - Machine Learning
- Machine Learning for Health (ML4H) at NeurIPS 2019 - Extended Abstract