From the stellar properties of HD219134 to the internal compositions of its transiting exoplanets
Abstract
The harvest of exoplanet discoveries has opened the area of exoplanets characterisation. But this cannot be achieved without a careful analysis of the host star parameters. The system of HD219134 hosts two transiting exoplanets and at least two additional nontransiting ones. We used the VEGA/CHARA interferometer to measure the angular diameter of HD219134, leading to a stellar radius of $R_{\star}=0.726\pm0.014 R_{\odot}$. We also derived the stellar density from the transits light curves ($\rho_{\star}=1.82\pm0.19 \rho_{\odot}$), which finally gives a direct estimate of the mass ($M_{\star}=0.696\pm0.078 M_{\odot}$) with a correlation of 0.46 between $R_{\star}$ and $M_{\star}$. This new mass is smaller than that derived from the C2kSMO stellar evolutionary model, which provides a mass range of 0.755$$0.810 ($\pm 0.040$) $M_{\odot}$. This allows us to infer the mass, radius and density of the two transiting exoplanets of the system. We then use an inference model to obtain the internal parameters of these two transiting exoplanets. Moreover, we find that planet $b$ and $c$ have smaller radii than previously estimated ($1.500\pm0.057$ and $1.415\pm0.049 R_{\mathrm{p}}$, respectively), which clearly puts them out of the gap in the exoplanetary radii distribution, and validates their SuperEarth nature. Planet $b$ is more massive than planet $c$, but possibly less dense. We investigate whether this could be caused by partial melting of the mantle, and find that tidal heating due to non zero eccentricity of planet $b$ may be powerful enough. The system of HD219134 constitutes a very valuable benchmark for both stellar physics and exoplanetary science. The direct determination of the stellar density, radius and mass, should be more extensively applied to provide accurate exoplanets properties and calibrate stellar models.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 September 2019
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1909.10058
 Bibcode:
 2019arXiv190910058L
 Keywords:

 Astrophysics  Earth and Planetary Astrophysics;
 Astrophysics  Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 12 pages, 6 figures, 7 tables