Neural network language model (NNLM) is an essential component of industrial ASR systems. One important challenge of training an NNLM is to leverage between scaling the learning process and handling big data. Conventional approaches such as block momentum provides a blockwise model update filtering (BMUF) process and achieves almost linear speedups with no performance degradation for speech recognition. However, it needs to calculate the model average from all computing nodes (e.g., GPUs) and when the number of computing nodes is large, the learning suffers from the severe communication latency. As a consequence, BMUF is not suitable under restricted network conditions. In this paper, we present a decentralized BMUF process, in which the model is split into different components, each of which is updated by communicating to some randomly chosen neighbor nodes with the same component, followed by a BMUF-like process. We apply this method to several LSTM language modeling tasks. Experimental results show that our approach achieves consistently better performance than conventional BMUF. In particular, we obtain a lower perplexity than the single-GPU baseline on the wiki-text-103 benchmark using 4 GPUs. In addition, no performance degradation is observed when scaling to 8 and 16 GPUs.
- Pub Date:
- September 2019
- Computer Science - Computation and Language
- This paper is accepted in the technical program in ICASSP 2020. Session FR1.L3: Language Modeling, Location Room 118-119, Presentation Lecture,Presentation Time: Friday, 08 May, 09:40 - 10:00, Topic Human Language Technology:[HLT-LANG] Language Modeling