Lifetimes and quantum efficiencies of quantum dots deterministically positioned in photonic-crystal waveguides
Interfacing single emitters and photonic nanostructures enables modifying their emission properties, such as enhancing individual decay rates or controlling the emission direction. To achieve full control, the single emitter must be positioned in the nanostructures deterministically. Here, we use spectroscopy to gain spectral and spatial information about individual quantum dots in order to position each emitter in a pre-determined location in a unit cell of a photonic-crystal waveguide. Depending on the spatial and spectral positioning within the structured nanophotonic mode, we observe that the quantum dot emission can either be suppressed or enhanced. These results demonstrate the capacity of photonic-crystal waveguides to control the emission of single photons and that the ability to position quantum dots will be crucial to the creation of complex multi-emitter quantum photonic circuits.